Chaos Manor Mail, Tuesday, April 07, 2015
I recall when I was in school the Brothers were more concerned that we knew how to find out things than they were with memorization of facts. We were required to memorize and recite poetry including rather log epics, but that involved poise and public presentations as well as memory exercises. Rote memory of the addition and multiplication tables, and of a reference base of history, is important; but how much beyond that is a subject for debate.
Less so when I went to school, but that was decades after you.
I submit this is a result of government involvement such as EEo, etc.
An attempt to make tests and such objective, rather then subjective, in case evidence in court can be presented.
“How can you look into the future and be anything but scared?”
The contrast between that and Mr. Reagan’s, “You ain’t seen nothin’ yet!” is very stark. I’ll leave as an exercise just how that fear — which seems generational, frankly, between yours and his — has influenced both the Republican party, and the country as a whole.
Hoping this finds you well,
HEADLINE: Young female feds on track for leadership | Feds not so innovative anymore
Read this headline without snickering, I dares ya!
This, btw, from the Federal Daily e-newsletter.
> Younger women feds more likely to be on management track
> Women who enter federal employment today are more likely to be on a management track than those who began a decade ago, according to a new report on women in federal service released by the Office of Personnel Management.
> Report: Innovation in decline at federal agencies
“Artificial ‘GPS'” System In Blind Rats
Here is one experiment I think you will find very interesting indeed.
Georgia Guide Stones
Did you have something to do with rule/guideline #7:
“”7. AVOID PETTY LAWS AND USELESS OFFICIALS “”
I am not sure about all the rest of that stuff…
“Stuff” such an interesting word…
I wish I could claim credit,,,
Statistical support for evolution or ET?
News from today’s Times of London
“The odds against it are 283 billion to one, but former Euromillions winner David Long from Scunthorpe said he always knew his turn would come again.
His hunch was right. As Mr. Long sat down in front of the television last Saturday to check the numbers from Friday nightâ€™s draw, he realised he really had won Â£1 million for the second time in less than two years.”
Those spectacular odds show that if something is possible it will probably happen….
Given enough time. But see The Black Swan http://www.amazon.com/The-Black-Swan-Improbable-Robustness/dp/081297381X …
Hybrid Supercapacitor Trumps Thin-Film Lithium Battery (EE Times)
4/2/2015 00:00 AM EDT
Researchers at UCLA’s California NanoSystems Institute have combined two nanomaterials to create a hybrid supercapacitor that combines the best qualities of batteries and supercapacitors by storing large amounts of energy, recharges quickly and can withstand more than 10,000 recharge cycles.
Supercapacitors are electrochemical components that can charge in seconds rather than hours and can be used for 1 million recharge cycles. Unlike batteries, however, they do not store enough power to run our computers and smartphones.
The UCLA hybrid supercapacitor stores large amounts of energy, recharges quickly and can last for more than 10,000 recharge cycles. The CNSI scientists also created a microsupercapacitor that is small enough to fit in wearable or implantable devices and is one-fifth the thickness of a sheet of paper. The device is capable of holding more than twice as much charge as a typical thin-film lithium battery.
The study, led by Richard Kaner, distinguished professor of chemistry and biochemistry and materials science and engineering, and Maher El-Kady, a postdoctoral scholar, was published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
“The microsupercapacitor is a new evolving configuration, a very small rechargeable power source with a much higher capacity than previous lithium thin-film microbatteries,” said El-Kady.
The new components combine laser-scribed graphene, or LSG—a material that can hold an electrical charge, is highly conductive, and charges and recharges quickly—with manganese dioxide, which is currently used in alkaline batteries because it holds a lot of charge and is cheap and plentiful. The devices can be fabricated without the need for extreme temperatures or the expensive ‘dry rooms’ required to produce today’s supercapacitors.
“Let’s say you wanted to put a small amount of electrical current into an adhesive bandage for drug release or healing assistance technology,” said Kaner. “The microsupercapacitor is so thin you could put it inside the bandage to supply the current. You could also recharge it quickly and use it for a very long time.”
The researchers found that the supercapacitor could quickly store electrical charge generated by a solar cell during the day, hold the charge until evening and then power an LED overnight, showing promise for off-grid street lighting.
“The LSG–manganese-dioxide capacitors can store as much electrical charge as a lead acid battery, yet can be recharged in seconds, and they store about six times the capacity of state-of-the-art commercially available supercapacitors,” explained Kaner. “This scalable approach for fabricating compact, reliable, energy-dense supercapacitors shows a great deal of promise in real-world applications, and we’re very excited about the possibilities for greatly improving personal electronics technology in the near future.”
Article originally posted on EE Times Europe. Based on press release.
CCD Image Sensors are Dead, says Yole (EE Times)
4/2/2015 07:18 PM EDT
LONDON — Pierre Cambou, imaging and sensors analyst at market research firm Yole Developpement, has commented on the end of the line for charge-coupled device (CCD) image sensors in an opinion article published by imveurope.
The article was prompted by a move by the market leader Sony to exit the manufacturing of CCD sensor and camera business that has been commented on by Sony customers. The expectation is that Sony will discontinue production of CCD sensors at its 200mm wafer line at the Kagoshima Technology Centre in March 2017 with a phase out lasting until 2020.
“The timing might not be yet definitive as discussions are ongoing. One thing is certain: this is the beginning of the end for Sony CCDs,” Cambou says.
Cambou says that CCDs still offer the highest performance and for some demanding applications will not be replaced by CMOS image sensors but the companies that have relied on Sony for their CCDs must choose between changing to the remaining CCD suppliers such as Teledyne Dalsa, On Semiconductor (Truesense), e2v, Fairchild Semiconductor, or moving CMOS.
Cambou concluded: “It is always sad for technologists to watch the creative destruction of technology shifts. I believe this major transition will renew the innovation drive of the industry. Let’s buckle up for a new technology cycle. I am convinced we are not to be disappointed. CCD image sensors are dead, long live CMOS image sensors!”
—Peter Clarke covers sensors, analog and MEMS for EE Times Europe.
Article originally posted on EE Times Europe.
I recall when CCD took over from human eye / drawings astronomy. I was on the Board of the Lowell Observatory at the time, and was able to arrange for some equipment as gifts/test equipment. Now they are obsolete.
But Phil Tharp tells me:
For astronomy CCD ‘s are very much still alive. The dark current is too high in CMOS for long exposure astrophotography.
Of course we have much larger and better sensors now. 36 mm square sensors are common in the high end amateur world unthinkable 15 years ago.
Which certainly sounds reasonable.
‘Fast Radio Bursts’?
“These have been intriguing as an engineered signal, or evidence of extraterrestrial technology, since the first was discovered,”
Since you are exploring re-releasing your past publications, I have a story and a recommendation for you.
In 1983 I dropped out of regular society. In searching for books at the local Salvation Army, I found a book that changed my life. It was your book “The Survival of Freedom.” It also got me into your “There will be war” series and others. I understand that the Survival book won an award as one of the best anthologies of the 20th Century. In my opinion, it was well deserved. I still have the book, it it old and yellowed and from time to time I have loaned it to others, but I have ALWAYS demanded it back.
If you are going to republish any of your stuff, this is the best. As an example of what I found, when you described what economics is and isn’t, I realized why I had a hard time passing econ 101 in college. My mind rejects “bul$hit” from almost any source, and this course made no sense to me. When you explained how every chapter in the Samuelson Text negated the previous chapter, I knew I wasn’t stupid, my IQ puts me in the top 3% of the human population. The problem was economics, not me.
By the way, I am the guy that said that because “chemical weapons” were weapons of mass destruction that we should invade Iraq, destroy the chemical weapons and then leave immediately (never Nation Build). You printed it on your web site and I was excoriated for it. But that’s ok. If you notice the current media, they say that no “nuclear” or “biological” weapons were ever found, leaving out “chemical” which WAS found and not reported on. But we agree, we NEVER should have stayed and we screwed up that invasion miserably. Remember, I said “Get out immediately” after destroying the chems.
But this note is you should republish, in this current political messy environment, your “Survival of Freedom” and get its’ information into the hands of the millenials befogs the next election.
By the way, in the past year I have beat bladder cancer and feel blessed to have survived. My very best to you with your medical situation. You are in my prayers.
Thanks for all you do.
I will consider it. Thanks.
If the singularity should come to pass in 30 years – 2045 as hypothesized – I suggest that no more than 90,000 people, and very likely no more than 9,000, of the 9 billion earthlings will have their minds merged into machines and thus achieve practical immortality.
Moreover, I suggest that a high percentage of the planets inhabitants will be living in mud huts, animal skin tents, and other accommodations not consistent with “the good life” as popularly depicted. And there will still be stonings and beheadings and honor killings routinely practiced by some groups. The “Dark Continent” will still be dark, with aids and warlords and dictators and other epidemics raging. The United States will be in undeclared war(s) with somebody(ies).
Most likely a significant percentage of the “beneficiaries” of the human/machine mergers will be ready take “dirt naps” much sooner than might be anticipated.
If and when the singularity arrives it will have no noticeable impact on the majority of humanity. Many years down the road…maybe.
: Fixing income inequality
Rather than taxing businesses and wealthy investors, “policy-makers should deal with the planning regulations and NIMBYism that inhibit housebuilding and which allow homeowners to capture super-normal returns on their investments.” In other words, the government should focus more on housing policy and less on taxing the wealthy, if it wants to properly deal with the inequality problem.
The federal government should stick to its own business and leave the rest to the states.
Surface Pro 3 and Hyper-V
Dear Dr Pournelle,
I have been following your Surface Pro 3 observations with interest, as my Precious arrived last September. It’s the Core i7 model with the 512GB SSD. At the moment I am running Windows 8.1. I love it to bits but I have some observations that may be relevant to the ongoing discussion about waking up from sleep:
I installed Visual Studio 2013 on my Surface Pro 3 and it promptly switched on Hyper-V for Windows Mobile app development. Hyper-V is fantastic on a decently fast desktop PC but it really messes things up on an SP3. Mine really really did not like waking up from sleep and there were many incidents of having to hold the power button and reboot. Eventually I switched off Hyper-V again as I really didn’t need it.
WiFi does my head in. My home network uses an Apple AirPort and a Linksys WRT54GL as access points. The SP3 is unable to reconnect to them from sleep without some encouragement or sitting back and waiting for a few minutes. Newer access points or routers seem fine though, including a NetGear AirCard 762S that I use for 4G internet access on the go. It works a treat for everything I can throw at it, including live video streaming using UStream.
Finally, for those of you who haven’t bought one yet, go for one of the base models. The one I have is super fast but it runs hot and battery life is compromised. On the plus side, it easily replaces a full desktop PC, unless you are a gamer. I use mine for development work, which includes running Android emulators and Ubuntu VMs, all without performance problems.
Simon Woodworth BSc MSc PhD.
I had my stroke not long after I got the Surface Pro, so my experiences have been limited; and we installed the experimental Windows 10, which changes often. That said my experiences have been good, and the system improvers weekly. I think it will become a good replacement for both tablet and desktop. It is not a laptop; the physical equipment is designed for a table if you are going to type. As a tablet it will work and the handwriting recognition is probably pretty good. Actually before I had the stroke it was excellent; now my handwriting is awful.
But I recommend the Surface Pro to those adventurous. I add that my son Richard carries a MacBook Air and loves it.
Too Harsh On Microsoft?
Perhaps I am too harsh on Microsoft. Yes, in some ways they are working hard to remedy the problems that they created. But in some ways, they are not.
Microsoft’s big missteps with Vista, 8, and perhaps 10 were caused by their head-long rush into the mobile market, blindly shipping one-size-fits-all UI’s for their OS. They are a big enough company with enough resources to build an OS that can support different UI’s for different platforms — gesture based for the mobile market, keyboard-and-mouse based for the desktop. Mobile platforms are simpler and more automatic so it is ok to burry the details of control, but desktop systems need to be customizable to the environment in which they are stationed, so the control needs to be exposed — mobile platforms and desktop platforms demand not only different I/O capabilities, but different functional organizations.
Microsoft does not seem to understand this at all. The backlash from Vista was huge. Chastened, Microsoft released 7, a pretty good OS for the desktop. But then they released 8, a worse Vista than Vista on the desktop. 10 is not promising to be any better. Microsoft seems dedicated to crippling the desktop environment that they own in the name of seizing the mobile market they likely will never have.
Then there is the push into cloud computing, a paradigm allowing a single private company to own access to all of your personal data and your ability to manipulate it. Just because tablets are not ready to run heavy applications yet, I suddenly can’t own a copy of Word for my desktop? I will never do the books for my companies on a tablet as they are too easily stolen, but my administrative machines have to run Excel in the cloud because tablets exist?
Ok, so cloud computing allows me to share data across multiple small, mobile platforms. This is good. But, there are ways to accomplish this without having to go through Microsoft or Google or Apple. Those desktop machines that I still own can run my own cloud, where my data is my property under my control.
I prefer to have all my critical stuff in two copies. Both local: a thumb drive, and on the drive in my local computer. I would never rely on the cloud; and I have no doubt that any cloud file is available to anyone else if they want it bad enough.
You didn’t mention your granddaughter’s age [re: Tale of Two Cities], but I firmly believe that no one younger than 40 should attempt to read Dickens. The man wrote serials, so there is an annoying amount of repetition. I’ve been wading through David Copperfield and have seen the author say the same thing three times in one paragraph. You can tell he was being paid by the word. I’ve gotten through all but the last 20 pages and finally gave up.
I just thank God he didn’t have word processing available. We’d need hand trucks to move his novels if he had.
— Pete Nofel
She’s 9th grade, and I would not start ninth graders with Tale Of Two Cities. Have you noted the number of smokers as characters in Golden Age SF magazine stories? At pennies per word, you could make a dollar lighting a cigarette. And pipes were even better…
I, too, was forced to read Silas Marner. Hated it.
I was and am a voracious reader (50+ books a year; that used to include math texts; alas, no more). While my class labored through pages of Silas Marner, I read volumes of Verne, Wells, Heinlein, Asimov, Norton, Pohl, Kornbluth, Moore, Burroughs, Stephenson, and others. I even read Shakespeare and liked it. Loved the performances I saw, including the histories.
Why Silas Marner? The only redeeming fact about the book was that it was in the public domain and thus saved the publisher the expense of a royalty.
Even then I could see an argument for reading and memorizing poetry. Read Idylls of the King and John Brown’s Body, neither of which were assigned. (I own a second edition of John Brown’s Body.)
No one in my class enjoyed Silas Marner. First to last, it was a chore to read. I confess the purpose of this exercise escapes me. Was it merely to force children to bend to authority?
Live long and prosper
h lynn keith
PS For those who want a good, quick read, I recommend Maia Sepp, An Etiquette Guide to the End Times. Canadian sf.
For those who want a good, long read, I recommend West of Honor, The Mote in God’s Eye, Lucifer’s Hammer, King David’s Spaceship (I preferred A Spaceship for the King), or Prince of Mercenaries.
Silas Marner prevented me from reading another novel by a female writer until I was out of the Army. In fairness, Henry James not only thought her a great writer, but said she was short, had bad teeth ,and within half an hour of meeting her he was in love with her and so was every man who ever met her.
SETI and watching I Love Lucy
Anyone out there with our level of technology could be tuning into I Love Lucy and Father Knows Best right now”
Fortunately or unfortunately, not so. The antenna pattern of a typical radio or TV broadcast antenna looks like a donut with the antenna in the center. The broadcast energy is concentrated in the range from the horizontal to perhaps 15 degrees elevation. Any off-earth location will fall within that pattern only for (15/360)X24 hours at a time, or roughly one hour. It will not be able to receive that station again for another 24 hours, as the antenna pattern is swept around again by the earth’s rotation. Even assuming the signal is strong enough to be detected, there isn’t going to be much in the way of continuity, as seen from the remote location. From that one station, they’ll get some of Lucy, then nothing for another day, and it probably won’t be Lucy for another week. Since there are many stations, they’ll be getting fragments of the programming from each station. It would take a great deal of effort to piece together continuous programming from multiple stations, assuming they recognize the same program coming from multiple stations.
Yes, they’ll know we’re here, but isolated fragments of programming won’t tell them much.
Joseph P Martino
Dear Dr. Pournelle,
Your “Prince of Sparta” books suggest an ignorance in guerilla warfare and tactics so here’s a quick article by a Viet Cong guerrilla, showing the view from his side of the war. It’s something I think any trainer of insurgents can appreciate: His own side’s soldiers were more of a menace to him than the enemy, as witness the one recruit who tried to chop down a tree branch with an AK-47. A ricochet killed him, and everyone else had to find a new position since his shooting had given them away.
In correspondence with Brian I discover he meant to write “interest”